Although I've posted binding information several times on the blog before, newly joined folks may not have seen them. THERE IS a way to do a 'search' on my blog using key words to find what you want. At the top left on my blog is a white block where I just typed in "binding a rug" and this is the information which popped up:
Yet, wanting to please my readership (lost one today...wonder why?) thought I'd show you different ways I've bound rugs. In the beginning I used only the 1 1/4" binding tape. I was taught to do a row of straight stitching 1/4" away from the last row of hooking and then 1" away from that do two rows of straight stitching 1/4" apart with a row of zig zag stitching connecting the two. Then you could trim the foundation knowing it is protected from raveling. When the binding tape is attached it protects the foundation from further harm.
At rug camps I learned other ways to bind using complimentary wool. The colors of this wool on the lion below goes well with the inside colors. It was cut on the bias, covered a cord and sewn down the appropriate length to cover the edge of the rug.
This is what the back looks like. I felt the edge of the bias wool needed protection so did a zig zag to prevent it from raveling.
Also have done several rugs using a wool whipped edge. Most recent was the Magdalena Goat. The formula for 'how much yarn' is that it takes 12" of yarn to whip 1". Bless Kris Miller of Spruce Ridge Studios for reminding me when I had a brain fart once.
Now another question rises to the top, right? You're wondering if you need to use binding tape if you whip. Some people do but it isn't necessary. The object of binding tape is to protect the foundation and whipping the edge does that. The Magdalena Goat it is crisp, clean and no loose edges of foundation to be seen so did not use binding tape.
I have also used cotton fabric in wide widths such as this. I felt that the stripe would lend itself to a complimentary look if an edge were to show. The Cherries and Candy Stripe piece is for my harvest table and not the floor so wouldn't see traffic.
Betsy Reed in a class. If you would like to see it demonstrated on a previous blog post you can see it HERE.
Several booklets are available to teach about binding and other basics but I can give you two sources. One is called Finishing Hooked Rugs ~ a publication from Rug Hooking Magazine.